A barred spiral galaxy, NGC 1365
AAO image reference AAT 55.    « Previous || Next »

Barred spiral galaxy, NGC 1365, Fornax cluster, ngc1365.jpg
Top left is NE. Image width is about 12 arc min
Image and text © 1991-2010, Australian Astronomical Observatory, photograph by David Malin.


Galaxies occur in a variety of shapes, but among the most eye-catching are the spirals, especially barred spirals. One of the finest in the sky is NGC 1365, the largest spiral in the southern constellation of Fornax, at a distance of about 60 million light years.

This beautiful galaxy is about as massive as the Milky Way, itself a substantial galaxy. Not much is known about how galaxies take on their beautiful forms, but a good deal is known about their internal organisation. The obvious 'bar' has the nucleus of the galaxy at its hub and is surrounded by masses of cooler stars that appear yellow on colour photographs. The bar itself is also yellowish, and has distinct dust lanes but it terminates abruptly in slender, curved arms that are lit by blue stars and the pink star-forming regions from which they spring.

This galaxy is a member of the nearby Fornax cluster of galaxies that includes NGC 1316-17, the radio source Fornax A.

Related Images
UKS 13.   The cluster of galaxies in Fornax
UKS 13a. The cluster of galaxies in Fornax, wide field view
n1365_d   Deep image of NGC 1365
Constellation of Fornax (external site)

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Updated by David Malin, 2010, August 1