|In Brief:||LDSS ++is not offered as a common user instrument. It is an expert
instrument which means that the proposal must be thoroughly discussed with
the Instrument Scientist to assess feasibility before submission and more
work will be required of the applicants than usual to prepare for and carry
out the observations. If a lot of work is required of the Instrument Scientist
they may wish to collaborate on the project.
LDSS++ is a low resolution multi-object multi-slit spectrograph using slit masks. Imaging, long slit, and slit-less spectroscopy modes are also available. LDSS++ is an upgrade to our exisiting LDSS spectrograph. More details about this upgrade can be found on the LDSS++ home page.
Note LDSS++ observations require an observer to ride in the Cassegrain
Cage during the course of the observations. Thus a minimum of two observers
are normally required.
|Instrument Scientist:||No Instrument Scientist at present. Contact Head of Astronomy for information.|
|Manual:||None. A general description of the optical system is available in: Wynne & Worsick, The Observatory, 108, 161 (1988). As this journal can be a bit hard to find we have scanned it in, with the journal's permission, and made this article available as a gzipped Postscript file (0.8 Mb).|
|Other Info:||There is an entry in the Observer's Guide|
|Detector:||Portable CCDs, usually MIT/LL CCD with 15 micron pixels.|
|Focal Station:||Mounted at the Cassegrain focus with f/8 top end.|
|Imaging Scale:||0.39 arcsec/pixel with MIT/LL CCD.|
|Spectral Resolution:||FWHM of ~8A with 1.0 arcsec slit, 11A with 1.5 arcsec slit. Dispersion = 2.6 A/pixel.|
|Slit Modes:||Multislit mode allows 40-60 targets over the 12 arcmin FOV
with 40-60 targets.
Long Slit provides conventional spectra.
Slit-less provides spectra of all objects in the field. Overlap and sky contamination are problems.
Microslit mode allows up to 300 targets in a 9 arcmin FOV. Sky subtraction is acheived by CCD charge-shuffling + telescope nodding.
|Sensitivities:||Typical performance for S/N=3 per 10A bin in a 4 hour exposure in 1
B=24.3 with blue grism + MITLL CCD - details.
V=24.1 with blue grism (or red VPH grism) + MITLL CCD - details.
R=23.5 with red VPH + MITLL Deep Depletion CCD (MITLL3) - details.